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2020.08.12 00:55 bhambetty2020 Best of r/Birmingham
Below are the results of the 2020 Best of Birmingham Guide! I am only listing the top three picks for all categories, for the sake of brevity, and some categories may have fewer than three top picks due to lack of consensus in voting. You can see a list of all responses here. Thanks to all who voted. If you didn’t get a chance to submit your picks, drop a note in the comments. I plan to do this every year. Get yer scrolling finger ready!
2020.07.28 18:32 NationofChangeEthiopia’s volatile path to democracy
By: Graham Peebles - July 28, 2020 Read the article here:https://www.nationofchange.org/2020/07/28/ethiopias-volatile-path-to-democracy/ Ancient ethnic divisions and long held grievances die hard. Ethiopia is made up of dozens of tribal/ethnic groups, divided into nine regional states. Oromia is the largest region (it includes the capital, Addis Ababa) and, with 34% of the population (c.40 million), the Oromo people make up the biggest single group. On 29th June the popular Oromo singepolitical activist Hachalu Hundesa was murdered in Addis Ababa, triggering protests, killings and violence. The U.N. Human Rights agency report that protests were ethnically driven, roads in parts of Oromia were blocked, “buildings vandalized and burnt…. gunfire and bomb explosions in Addis Ababa.” Official estimates say that 239 people died in the unrest. The government’s heavy-handed reaction was to arrest almost 5,000 people including political activists, journalists and a leading critic of the government, Jawar Mohammed, and shut down the Internet (30th June). Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed said that Hundessa had been killed by groups working to inflame ethnic tensions and trigger civil war, but gave no details; the Minister in Charge of Democratization, Zadig Abraha, accused “external forces opposed to democratic change of involvement in the violence,” again without details. In an interview with France24 he also denied widespread claims that the government was using the unrest as an excuse to crackdown on the opposition and stifle dissent. It has nevertheless arrested key members of opposition parties, who they claim are linked to the violence. At demonstrations in Paris by the Oromo diaspora on 11th July organizers claimed that Hundessa was murdered “on government orders”, because “he was Oromo.” The government has since announced that they have arrested suspects in the murder of Hundessa. Abiy is the first Oromo PM, and when he took office in 2018 the Oromo people rejoiced. Initial jubilation was short lived though; some within the community remain loyal, others are disappointed in his tenure – “we thought that Abiy Ahmed supported our cause because he is Oromo, but over the past year Ethiopia has become a dangerous country for us,” while some, including Jawar Mohammed, have gone further and are actively working to undermine his leadership and destabilize the government.
For decades Ethiopia was ruled by a brutal regime that terrorized and suppressed large sections of the population. The ruling party outlawed political opposition, trampled on human rights, tortured, raped and murdered. Despised and widely feared, after four years of protests in which Hachalu Hundesa and his music played an important role, the EPRDF government (made up of parties from four regions but dominated by a group of Tigray men within the TPLF) collapsed in April 2018. No elections were held and the EPRDF coalition stayed in office; Abiy Ahmed (a member of the previous administration) became Prime-Minister and a fresh, gender-balanced cabinet was installed. Acknowledging the atrocities of the previous regime and the deep-seated ethnic divisions in the country, in his inaugural speech Abiy pleaded: “I call on us all to forgive each other from our hearts. To close the chapters from yesterday, and to forge ahead to the next bright future through national consensus.” Restrictions on independent media were lifted, websites unblocked, political prisoners released, repressive laws repealed and the border conflict with Eritrea resolved. Many Ethiopians living abroad returned home amid an atmosphere of expectation and hope. But as the political space opened, suppressed feelings and historic grievances related to land, and issues of identity and governance surfaced among various ethnic groups. Military insurgencies and inter-communal violence erupted in a number of regions (Amhara, Oromia, Harar, Dire Dawa, Benishangul, and the SNNP) leading to the internal displacement of (currently) 1.5 million (down from 2.9 million in 2018); people whom the government has failed to support. And, consistent with the policy of Ethnic Federalism (used by the previous regime a tool to ‘divide and rule’) enshrined in the 1994 constitution, there have been calls for autonomy from groups in Oromia, the northern Amhara region and by Sidama in the Southern Nations Nationalities and Peoples (SNNP). The atmosphere is volatile, and while under Abiy much that is positive has taken place, “local governance and security have sharply deteriorated in many locations,” and the lack of law and order, HRW report. “means there are few constraints on how grievances are expressed.” The government’s response to inter-communal conflict has fluctuated between inadequate and inflammatory, and disturbingly, there have been a series of violations by security forces. Killings, torture, and arbitrary arrests have been documented by HRW, in addition to “shutdowns of phone and internet services in Oromia, and the arrests of journalists and opposition leaders and their supporters.” Amnesty International, in their detailed report, relate that between December 2018 and December 2019, “at least 10,000 people were arbitrarily arrested and detained ….as part of the government’s crackdown on armed attacks and violence in Oromia Region.” They claim that, reminiscent of the previous regime, security forces “burned homes to the ground, committed rape and extrajudicial execution in response to inter-communal violence.” And while old laws of control have been repealed, controversial new ones have been enacted. On 23rd March 2020 the Government introduced The Hate Speech and Disinformation Prevention and Suppression Proclamation, in order they state, to curb, inflammatory language on social media. Human rights groups say it contains a vague definition of disinformation, and HRW describes it as “an ill-construed law that opens the door for law enforcement officials to violate rights to free expression.” “A 5-month State of Emergency (SOE), beginning in April,” has also been imposed. To limit “the spread of the Coronavirus (COVID-19).” This seems unjustified – when it was brought in only three deaths and 82 cases of the virus had been reported in Ethiopia, and to date, according to Worldmeter, the numbers remain low – 128 deaths and fewer than 8,000 reported cases. The SOE essentially bans protests and has been used HRW says “as a pretext to restrict free speech.” General elections, due to take place in August this year have also been canceled due to the pandemic. However, in order for parliamentary elections to go ahead at all, a national census (postponed once in 2017 and again this year) is badly needed.
The need for unity
Moving from an authoritarian government to democracy, which has never existed in Ethiopia, was never going to be easy or take place overnight. Many challenges are involved in such a transition and mistakes are inevitable. It is crucial, though, that the Government does not dilute reforms and revert to suppressive methods. For change to be lasting, developments need to be gradual and have broad consensus: this requires that everyone who wishes to contribute to the debate, is able to do so. There have been changes within civil society including the Ethiopian Human Rights Commission (EHRC), the media and the judiciary but they are still not seen to be free of government influence. Fully independent transparent institutions (particularly the EHRC) that are trusted should be quickly established; institutions that are capable of dealing with community grievances impartially and effectively, and thereby reducing the risk of escalation. The government needs to reinstate law and order where it has broken down, this is crucial, and, as HRW say, “perpetrators of violence need to be charged in accordance with Ethiopian law.” Importantly this must include members of the security forces, who have acted with impunity for decades; anyone breaking the law must face justice. Ethnically based identity is currently a powerful divisive force in the country, this need not be the case. Ethnic diversity should be seen as a positive factor, with each group being respected and encouraged to add their distinct tone and color to the overall life of the nation, thereby enriching the culture for all. Diversity in unity should be the aim. Historical injustices and grievances need to be acknowledged, and, in an atmosphere of forgiveness and tolerance, community healing allowed to take place. Political parties aligned along ethnic lines intensifies existing divisions; political groups need to evolve that are free from any specific ethnic association. This would negate the suspicion of community bias and build trust. Despite the recent upheavals, the opportunity for lasting change persists in this wonderful country. Unwavering commitment to human rights, social justice and national unity, should be the government’s driving goals; the Ethiopian people deserve no less.
2020.06.12 00:59 zhdatLocal Restaurants we have experienced (Warning: Super-long post)
Hello, Columbusites! My partner (yes, she is in this subreddit) and I have been always trying to find local restaurants in Columbus as part of promoting and supporting them. While binging on the subreddit last night, I came up with an idea to create a post for some restaurants that we were impressed with that are relatively less known. After several hours of writing, which my partner did mostly, here are 'hidden gems' we found (and Thanks to my partner who did all eloquent writings on those restaurants!) Sargam (https://sargamrestaurant.com/) - We crave the Badami naan, but never struggle to find many tasty dishes. As we work our way through their menu, some favorites are emerging; samosa chaat, momo (my partner thinks their fried vegetable momo surpass Momo Ghar), and their biryani and Thali (round platter) are so good - always chock full of whatever ingredient is highlighted in its name. This is really a gem on the east side. We’ve done date nights there, taken friends and family, and enjoyed carry out several times through sheltering in. Lastly, the service is extremely friendly and professional. Lalibela (http://lalibelarestaurant.net/) - What I love about this Ethiopian restaurant, other than the incredible food, is the joy I am filled with sharing from a communal platter with my loved ones. If you’re lucky enough to be there during a coffee service, the smell will make you salivate. If you’re more of the wine and dine type, the Ethiopian honey wine is sweet, but a beautiful complement to the spicy food. We typically build our meal around Mahberoch (lamb) and then add in another dish or two according to our group size. If you have a group with special diet needs, this is an ideal place - many vegan options, it’s all gluten-free because the injera (Ethiopian bread) is made with ancient grain, and there are only a couple dishes on the menu with dairy. Scali (http://www.scaliristorante.com/menu-1.html) - Definitely a place that makes you feel welcome and special. It’s just damn good Italian food. My partner and I started with Bruschetta and shared Lu Lu (Seafood Penne) and Peasant Tortellini. Also, their tiramisu made with Bailey’s is so good. Personally, I would rather spend $70 on two people’s full course meal at Scali’s than some mediocre Italian restaurants in town that charge you over $100. Gogi (http://www.scaliristorante.com/menu-1.html) - A delightful experience. Again, it’s great for a date or for family/friend outings. Expect to spend well over an hour, but to leave deeply satisfied and happy. You grill your own meat and veggies at the table, and this is slow food at its finest. Everything is seasoned beautifully, the sides and pickles are exceptional, and the soju/soju cocktails are a perfect pairing. The veggie tray for grilling seems to change according to what’s in season, but it always feels like they bring you a whole garden on a plate. Also, a veggie tray includes some fruits, like pineapple or orange, that you can grill and eat as a dessert. El Pulgarcito (https://www.facebook.com/ElPulgarcitoLatin/) - Salvadoran food was completely unknown to me before this place came in. Holy mouthfuls of flavor, Batman. The papusas are a must, but don’t neglect the Salvadoran enchiladas (nothing like the Mexican food of the same name, but a flavor and texture masterpiece), Asado special, soups, pollo dorado, and torta. Basically, I’m telling you it will demand a few repeat visits for you to try all the things you need to try. They are also rocking the carryout service lately and are just about the nicest people you will ever meet. La Michoacana Es tocumbo (https://www.facebook.com/lamichoacanaestocumbocolumbus/) - The underrated ice cream mecca. So many paleta and ice cream options, and sorbets for the vegan, fruit-loving, or lactose intolerant among us. Highly recommend the mangonadas, bionico (a big ass dish of fresh fruit swimming in a pool of cream, topped with whipped cream and whatever you want - I usually go with the granola), and horchata. They are so gracious to give samples and recommendations. Do not let your inability to speak Spanish put you off going - this is truly a place for everyone and you will feel welcome whether you are fluent, speak a few words, or none. Huong (http://huongvr.blogspot.com/) - Whether you are playing it safe/familiar with pho and banh mi or branching out to try new and different things like green papaya salad, this place is great. I never struggle to find things to eat, and usually find myself grappling with a choice between 3-4 things that sound equally delightful. Prepare to walk away with a food baby, especially when you want a warm brothy noodle soup in chilly and rainy days Kai’s (https://www.kaiscrabboil.com/menu/) - This place deserves the hype, plain and simple. I think one of the things that impress me the most is the freshness of the seafood. Whoever does their ordering does not play around - I have never had seafood there that tasted anything less than freshly caught, which is definitely not the norm in the Midwest. The spice blend is on point - that medium Kai’s Cajun is literally finger-licking good. I usually opt for cornbread on the side, corn, and sausage in my bag with some shrimps, crawfish, or crabs. I hesitate to admit I’d never eaten shrimp in the shell until I met my partner, and this place did a lot to tear down my fear of eating shrimp that still looks shrimpy (I fully concede that I am a flawed creature). Tora (http://restauranttora.com/tora/) - Why is this place always fairly empty when we’re there? I mean, not that I want to not get a table, but people are sleeping on this place. If you don’t like sushi, their lunch/dinner boxes are fantastic. I especially love the tempura box. As for sushi, it is so good and much less expensive than a few other places in the Columbus circle. We had one of the most gluttonous meals of our lives here and spent only around $80 including a hearty tip. I was shocked. NE Chinese (https://www.nechinese.com/) - I love eating in here, but the takeout game has been really strong lately as well. This is a region of China that is not particularly well represented in American Chinese restaurants, which means you may not find your go-to American Chinese order on the menu. That is a great thing! So many amazing dishes to try. We always try something different, but default to getting their eggplant in soybean paste and spicy potato salad as our sides. Our first time trying the eggplant was like that scene in Ratatouille with Anton Ego the food critic. Somehow, it tasted like home and happiness and joy, despite the fact that I’d never had it before, I am not even fractionally Chinese, and eggplant is not on frequent rotation in my cooking. Also, their hot pot is the jam - we particularly love the spare ribs stew with green beans and pancake (pancake in this instance meaning a giant steamed dumpling cake that fills the entire top of the pot), their shrimp dishes, and the fried cream custard buns. Ichiban bakery (https://www.yelp.com/biz/ichiban-bakery-columbus) - The savory steamed buns. Need I say more? Last time we bought excess and ate them for the following 2 breakfasts. A-mazing. The price can't be beat, and even reheated they were exceptional. Still need to try their sweet offerings. Yes, that area is filled with endless joy (Belle’s bakery, Tensuke Market, Akai Hana, etc.), but Ichiban bakery is another place you must visit when in Kenny center. Café Istanbul (https://www.cafeistanbulbexley.com/)- We like the location in Bexley best, although we’ve been to the Easton option a few times as well. Bexley has a seriously underrated patio, and in the Spring/Fall it is GORGEOUS. The whole fish and appetizer sampler are go-to’s here, but the eggplant dishes are all amazing, the kebabs are delectable, and we have heart eyes for the lahmacun (be advised this dish looks super different at Bexley and Easton locations). If you enjoy Mediterranean cuisine, Turkish cuisine is just another world, and you suddenly wish to travel to Turkey just for food. Aab - (https://www.aabindiarestaurants.com/) A solid choice for Indian food. We’ve had lots of good experiences here, and have tried a good chunk of their menu. If you like to try different things, they have a lunch buffet every day for a really reasonable price. When we can dine in again, my first orders are going to be the Aab India Special (which comes on a metal tray reminiscent of the school cafeteria - I assure you the comparison stops at the plating) and gajar halwa for dessert. Tip Top (http://tiptopcolumbus.com/) - I honestly don’t need to say any more than STROGANOFF, but I will anyway. Solid brunch offerings, of both the breakfast and lunch leanings. I’m a big fan of the feta spread, sweet potato fries, and sandwiches. They also serve a mean cocktail, and some of the cocktails are wicked cheap - many a night of graduate school frivolity was brought to life by their “Bottom’s Up.” What poor grad student can say no to a cocktail in a pint glass? Block’s Bagels (http://www.blocksbagelsdeli.com/) - I frequent both the Bexley and Reynoldsburg locations, but it’s actually more of an endorsement to say that this is what my family 3 hours away asks me to bring when I journey home. My sister is particularly fond of the sun-dried tomato bagels, momma favors the honey whole wheat, and dad is a sucker for the wheat raisin. For me, I get the same order almost every time - a honey whole wheat bagel toasted with their homemade strawberry cream cheese, and, yes, I always get the pickle. Plus, their homemade cream cheeses are just on point. Yes, we have been to more than these restaurants, but some places, like Dirty Franks and Tensuke Express, are more well known, and we would like to present places that are local and less known to people. As we are 'officially' moving to Gahanna at the end of this month, we would like to continue our adventure in Gahanna as well. If you would like to, we want to listen to some local restaurants around Columbus that you love. We are always interested in trying more. Also, feel free to let us know if you ever visited the places above. Lastly, if you are reading this sentence, thank you for reading this post!
Hey all! Today I finally had the time and the energy to make a long list of which restaurants are open and where you can go to order from them. It's far from comprehensive, but I've spent the past eight or so hours looking at close to 200 different websites to find information about each restaurant on my list. I'm content with what I came up with. I seriously doubt I'll update this with any regularity, so I included links to whatever site each restaurant is using to keep people updated. Most of them have a reasonably obvious online ordering system, or some kind of COVID-19 notice, or they use Grubhub/DoorDash/UberEats/whatever. Some weren't very obvious and some were a little weird, so I included notes about them (looking at you, Ma(i)son). If you see something that's incorrect, let me know! If you have any questions, let me know! I've been scouring websites all day, yet I'm sure I overlooked something. Also, to any restaurants still using facebook as their only website: why? It's 2020. There are a million easy website design platforms. Here's a link to the Lancaster Food Map itself (unsurprisingly, not a whole lot has changed during Corona Times), and onward to the list! Edit: added some places.
Places that are open for some kind of take out or delivery:
2020.05.04 21:11 FujiamanA SHORT NOTE ON THE ETHIOPIAN CHURCH MUSIC by Tadesse Tamrat
YARED (Saint), 505-571 AD, Axumite Empire. The origins of the Ethiopian church music are still very obscure. Very little scholarly attention has been given to this aspect of Ethiopian Christian culture, and the huge compendium of the hymns known as Degwa still remains unedited and almost completely inaccessible except to some of the more studious functionaries of the church itself. According to Ethiopian traditions, it was Yared, an Aksumite priest who lived in! the 6th c. A.D., who invented the three basic modes of the Ethiopian church music, namely Ge'ez, Ezl, and Araray. it is claimed that all musical notes, "even the sounds of animals and the songs of the birds, fall under one of these modes of Yared the Priest". Yared is said to have been supernaturally inspired in inventing his three modes which are believed to have been a special divine gift to Christian Ethiopia: "For God did not reveal [them] to others except to the people of Ethiopia." These traditions are accepted in Ethiopia as almost religious truths, which has apparently discouraged any attempts to look for a more historical origin of the Ethiopian church music. The church in Aksum was established in the fourth century AD. as a small bishopric of the Patriarchate of Alexandria, and the Ethiopian church remained in this dependant status until about three decades ago. It is, therefore, Egypt that one must consider as the most important source of inspiration for the major aspects of Ethiopian Christian culture. As regards church music, it is interesting to note that there are distant echoes of Yared 's musical modes in the medieval records of the Coptic Church. Yared 's modes — Ge'ez, Ezl, and Araray ... are sung at particular types of religious ceremonies depending on whether these are sad or happy occasions in the calendar of the church. In the same way, the Copts also had different tunes that change according to the nature of their feasts and according to the time of the year. Their happy tunes were used for major festivals such as Christmas Day and Easter. The sad and melancholic tunes were sung in times of sorrow such as Passion week. They also had other sad tunes used for funeral services and commemorations. Although the technical terms for the modes or tunes, and the number of these tunes are different in the Ethiopian and Coptic churches, the liturgical purpose for which they are used seems to be the same. This may at least point to the same origin for both the Ethiopian and the Coptic church music. Just like the Ethiopians, the Copts attribute the origin of their music to the divine inspiration of one of their holy men. This saintly man, they say, was originally a layman and a mere potter; and he invented their sacred music when he later joined the monastery of St. Macarius. Essentially, the same theme runs through the Ge'ez story of the life of Yared. It is related that Yared was born of an ordinary family in Aksum and that he was not a particularly brilliant pupil in the local church school where he had difficulties in mastering the simple reading lessons. At one stage he gave up all ambitions of developing his ecclesiastical learning; got married and started a more or less secular life even planning, on one occasion, to kill a man who had coveted his beautiful wife! But he was gradually and irresistibly drawn towards the spiritual calling. He abandoned the world, withdrew into an isolated area as a hermit leaving his. family, and started a life of religious devotion and contemplation always trying to improve his literary accomplishments. One day, while wandering in a forest, he was greatly impressed by the persistence of a small insect trying to climb a tall tree. The little insect repeatedly fell to the ground; but it started climbing all over again, gradually attaining greater heights. If an insect could do this, Yared thought, a human being should achieve much more. This, he set out to do and began to bé inspired by the beauty of nature and the songs of the birds which became the bases for his poetic and musical compositions. Hence, we are told, the origins of the Ethiopian church music. Thus, there are close similarities not only in the general significance of the different musical notes of the two churches but also in the details about the lives of the Ethiopian and Coptic clerics to whom the invention of the tunes is attributed. If this was a result of one church influencing the other, it seems almost certain that it was the traditions of the mother Alexandrian church which had a lasting impact on the formation of the Ethiopian tradition about Yared and his musical talents. Like the monastic traditions of the Ethiopian church which derive their origin from Egypt, the story of the life of Yared and his musical talents may have also been, essentially, another result of the close cultural interaction between Christian Egypt and Ethiopia. All this seems to point to the same origin of the sacred music of the two churches. It is nevertheless apparent that the Ethiopian liturgical chant [Zema] became much more elaborate during the medieval period. At this stage of its cultural history, the Ethiopian church gradually developed a deep sense of self-identity, and there are a number of indications that show that the Alexandrian and the Ethiopian Churches were at variance on many points of religious practice. This became increasingly obvious after the Arab conquest of Egypt in 641 AD when the Copts were gradually required to cut down many of the public manifestations of their Christian worship, while the Ethiopians added further elaborations on theirs. As a result of the growing pressures of Islam along the Red Sea coast after the seventh century, Aksum declined and its church became more and more isolated from the rest of the Christian world. Only a very slender line of communication was maintained with Egypt and the Holy Land along very precarious routes and through hostile territories. It is apparent that in this period the Holy Bible and particularly the Old Testament began to serve the Ethiopians as an inexhaustible source of cultural inspiration. Being the only Christian people in the Horn of Africa and surrounded by pagan or Muslim territories, the Christians of Ethiopia began to identify themselves with the chosen people of Isra'el. This vital development was accompanied by a deliberate process of imitating and adopting the cultural and social institutions of the Old Testament. The highest form of expression for this religious and national tendency is the Kebre-Negest, the Ethiopie version of the legend of the Queen of Sheba. Written in the thirteenth century, the Kebre-Negest finally achieved identification of the Royal Family of Ethiopia with the House of kings Dawit and Solomon of Isra'el. The Kebre-Negest also created close ancestral relationships between Solomon's high priest Zadok and the priestly families of Ethiopia. From that time on, the kings of Ethiopia modeled their court on that of King Solomon of Israel, and the local saints posed as the veritable prophets of the Old Testament. It is apparent that the characteristic forms of the Ethiopian church music as we know it today also took shape during the same period. There seems to be no doubt that some of the hymns of the Ethiopian church were already in use during the Aksumite period — even as early as the sixth century when Yared is said to have lived. Although Gedle Yared, the story of the life of Yared, is almost certainly a work of the 15th century, the traditions which it presents no doubt reflect developments since Aksumite times. There are indications that, by the middle of the 14th century, one of the highest accomplishments among Christian Ethiopians was being well versed at "the songs of Yared." The chronicler of King Beide-Maryam (1468-78) also gives the impression that the Ethiopian Church music had already assumed some of its later characteristics by the middle of the 15th century. On one occasion he describes both secular and sacred musical performances in Angot, in the presence of the king:
መሰብአ አንጉት ኩሎሙ ምስለ አንስቲ ያሆሙ ተቀበልዎ በዘፈን ወበከበሮ:: ወደብተራ ብዙኃን በገቢረ ማህሌት እስከ ይደምፅ ጥቀ ቃላቲሆሙ:: All the people of Angot with their women welcomed him singing, dancing and beating the drum; and many dabtara performing mahlet until their voices could be heard far and wide.
Mahlet is the usual terminology used for the songs of Yared and the whole atmosphere described by the chronicler evokes images of the relatively modern forms of the musical performance in the Ethiopian Church. It is, however, very difficult to follow up on the specific developments of the Ethiopian Church music because of the paucity of the relevant source material. None of the Degwa known so far can be dated earlier than the 14th or 15th centuries. The Degwa is a collection of Ge'ez hymns for all the days, feasts and seasons of the Ethiopian year. No extensive or critical study has been made of the text of the Degwa as yet. Only Dillmann has published a short extract in his well-known Chrestomaihia, Aethiopica, 1866. Cerulli has also translated four short hymns in his Storia délia letteratura etiopica, 1956. A few years later Velat has devoted a more intensive study of Me'eraf which is an important part of the Degwa. Except for these isolated attempts, the Degwa still remains an untapped source which, if systematically studied, would no doubt shed a lot of light not only on the music and liturgy of the Ethiopian Church but also on the history of the Christian nation at large. But enough is known of the Degwa to indicate that it is not the work of one single individual or the product of a single period '. An early MS. of the fourteenth century without the simple Ethiopie notations (Meleket) is reported at the island monastery of Tana Qirqos. King Gelawdewos (1540-59) is said to have ordered two clerics of his court to systematize the collection and the notations of the Degwa. Two other revisions are also reported in the 17th century at the orders of Echege (Abbot) Qale-Awadi of DebreLibanos. Thus, in its present form, the Ethiopie Degwa is a cumulative product of many centuries. A major aspect of the Ethiopian Church music is the ritual dance that always accompanies the liturgical chant. Monneret de Villard, a well-known student of Ethiopian Christian art and of the history of the Nile Valley, has suggested that the liturgical dance of the Ethiopians may have originated in ancient Egypt. There are indeed distant echoes of this ancient Egyptian interaction in the flowing gowns of the dabtara, their use of the sistrum, and even the long graceful prayer sticks which are all represented in the great monuments of the Nile Valley. However, in its contemporary manifestations, a religious musical performance of the Ethiopian dabtara reflects yet another and a more recent layer of cultural interactions with the world of the Old Testament. The songs, the chants, and the ritual dance in front of the tabot are strongly reminiscent of the dancing and the merriment of the Lévites in front of the Ark of the Covenant (cf. 2 SAM. 6: 2-5). A casual look at the musical instruments used by the dabtara — who are sometimes explicitly called 'Lévites' — clearly shows that the Ethiopians have also drawn much inspiration from the Old Testament. The whole atmosphere created during a religious service in Ethiopia evokes the old biblical scene transmitted in the last chapter of the book of Psalms:-
"Praise Him with the sound of the trumpet; praise Him with psaltery and harp. Praise Him with the timbrel and dance: praise him with stringed instruments and organs. Praise him upon the loud cymbals: praise him upon the high sounding cymbals."
Nevertheless, like all other aspects of Ethiopian history and culture, it is impossible to get a complete picture of the evolution of these musical traditions in isolation of developments in neighboring regions. In the final analysis, it is only if we look at the Ethiopian Church music in comparison with ancient Egyptian, Near Eastern, Central Asian and even Indian traditions that we can get a more wholesome picture. Source: see here For more info, see St. Yared, the great Ethiopian composer. Edit: Spelling error.
2020.03.20 14:24 lovable-trashThe Australian Library and Information Association looking for help translating!
Hi! I work at a US academic library and an interesting email is currently circulating looking for help. Thought some multilingual Librarians may want to help! So, if you are a fluent speaker and writer of another language, comment below with what language you are writing and the translations.
ALIA are providing support to libraries - particularly public libraries - in the form of communication resources for our multicultural communities. We are looking to provide wording / signage that communicate the following phrases: - 'For health reasons, the library building is closed until further notice.' - 'For health reasons, the library building is closed until [date].' - 'All programs and events have been cancelled.' - 'Some programs and events have been cancelled.' - 'Please see our Facebook page for more information.' - 'Please see our website for more information and to use our online services.' So far, we have translations in the following languages: Spanish, Chinese, Japanese, Greek, Croatian This has been a wonderful start in gathering some translated messages for our libraries to use.The libraries that have contacted us are still interested in getting translations in the following languages: Nepalese, Punjabi, Arabic, Ethiopian , Hindi, Farsi, Karen, Polish However, we will collect any translations in any language, as we will make these resources available for all libraries to use for their signage and communications. So, the more languages, the better!
2020.03.14 09:53 ajlee2006List of Instagram business categories
Academic Camp Accessories Accountant Actor Acupuncturist Addiction Resources Center Addiction Service Addiction Treatment Center Adult Entertainment Service Advertising Agency Advertising/Marketing Aerospace Company African Restaurant Agricultural Cooperative Agricultural Service Agriculture Airline Company Airline Industry Service Airport Airport Shuttle Service Album Allergist Alternative & Holistic Health Service Amateur Photographer Amateur Sports Team American Restaurant Amphitheater Amusement & Theme Park Animal Shelter Antique Store Apartment & Condo Building Apostolic Church App Page Apparel & Clothing Apparel Distributor Appliance Manufacturer Appliance Repair Service Appliances Aquarium Aquatic Pet Store Arabian Restaurant Arboretum Arcade Architect Architectural Designer Architectural Engineer Architectural Tour Agency Argentinian Restaurant Aromatherapy Service Art Art Gallery Art Museum Art Restoration Service Art School Art Tour Agency Artist Arts & Crafts Store Arts & Entertainment Arts & Humanities Website Asian Fusion Restaurant Asian Restaurant Assemblies Of God Astrologist Astrologist & Psychic Athlete Atv Recreation Park Auction House Audio Visual Equipment Store Audiologist Auditorium Australian Restaurant Author Auto Detailing Service Automated Teller Machine (Atm) Automation Service Automotive Body Shop Automotive Consultant Automotive Customization Shop Automotive Dealership Automotive Glass Service Automotive Leasing Service Automotive Manufacturer Automotive Parts Store Automotive Repair Shop Automotive Restoration Service Automotive Service Automotive Store Automotive Window Tinting Service Automotive, Aircraft & Boat Aviation School Awning Supplier Baby & Children's Clothing Store Baby Goods/Kids Goods Babysitter Bags & Luggage Company Bags & Luggage Store Bags/Luggage Bail Bondsmen Bakery Band Bank Bankruptcy Lawyer Bar Bar & Grill Barbecue Restaurant Barber Shop Bartending Service Beach Beach Resort Beauty Salon Beauty Store Beauty Supplier Beauty Supply Store Beauty, Cosmetic & Personal Care Bed And Breakfast Beer Bar Beer Garden Belgian Restaurant Bicycle Repair Service Bicycle Shop Big Box Retailer Bike Rental Biotechnology Company Blinds & Curtains Store Blogger Board Game Boat / Sailing Instructor Boat Dealership Boat Rental Boat Service Boat Tour Agency Boat/Ferry Company Book Book & Magazine Distributor Book Series Bookstore Borough Botanical Garden Bottled Water Company Bottled Water Supplier Boutique Store Bowling Alley Boxing Studio Brand Brand Agency Brazilian Restaurant Breakfast & Brunch Restaurant Brewery Bridal Shop Bridge British Restaurant Broadcasting & Media Production Company Brokerage Firm Bubble Tea Shop Buffet Restaurant Building Material Store Building Materials Burger Restaurant Bus Line Bus Tour Agency Business Business & Economy Website Business Center Business Consultant Business Service Business Supply Service Businesses Butcher Shop Cabin Cabinet & Countertop Store Cable & Satellite Company Cafe Cafeteria Camera Store Camera/Photo Campground Campus Building Canadian Restaurant Candy Store Canoe & Kayak Rental Cantonese Restaurant Car Dealership Car Rental Car Wash Career Counselor Cargo & Freight Company Caribbean Restaurant Carnival Supply Store Carpenter Carpet & Flooring Store Cars Cash Advance Service Casino Casino & Gaming Castle Caterer Cause Cave Cemetery Champagne Bar Charity Organization Charter Bus Service Cheese Shop Chef Chemical Company Chicken Joint Child Care Service Child Protective Service Chimney Sweeper Chinese Restaurant Chiropractor Chocolate Shop Choir Christian Church Church Church Of Christ Church Of God Church Of Jesus Christ Of Latter-Day Saints Circus City City Infrastructure Cleaning Service Clothing (Brand) Clothing Company Clothing Store Coach Cocktail Bar Coffee Shop Collectibles Store College & University Colombian Restaurant Comedian Comedy Club Comfort Food Restaurant Comic Bookstore Commercial & Industrial Commercial & Industrial 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Deck & Patio Builder Defense Company Deli Demolition & Excavation Company Dentist & Dental Office Department Store Dermatologist Design & Fashion Designer Dessert Shop Digital Creator Dim Sum Restaurant Diner Disc Golf Course Discount Store Distillery Dive Bar Diving Spot Divorce & Family Lawyer Dj Doctor Dog Day Care Center Dog Park Dog Trainer Dog Walker Dominican Restaurant Donut Shop Drafting Service Drink Drive-In Movie Theater Driving School Drug Addiction Treatment Center Dry Cleaner Dui Lawyer E-Cigarette Store Eco Tour Agency E-Commerce Website Editor Education Education Company Education Website Educational Consultant Educational Research Center Educational Supply Store Electrician Electronics Electronics Company Electronics Store Elementary School Elevator Service Emergency Rescue Service Employment Agency Energy Company Engineering Service Entertainment Website Entrepreneur Environmental Conservation Organization Environmental Consultant Environmental Service Episode Equestrian Center Escape Game Room Esports League Estate Planning Lawyer Ethiopian Restaurant European Restaurant Evangelical Church Event Event Photographer Event Planner Event Videographer Exotic Car Rental Fabric Store Family Doctor Family Medicine Practice Family Style Restaurant Farm Farmers Market Fashion Fashion Company Fashion Designer Fashion Model Fast Food Restaurant Fence & Gate Contractor Fertility Doctor Festival Fictional Character Field Of Study Filipino Restaurant Film Director Finance Finance Company Financial Aid Service Financial Consultant Financial Planner Financial Service Fire Protection Service Fireplace Store Fish & Chips Restaurant Fish Farm Fish Market Fishing Spot Fishing Store Fitness Boot Camp Fitness Model Fitness Trainer Fjord/Loch Flea Market Flight School Florist Flyboarding Center Fondue Restaurant Food & Beverage Food & Beverage Company Food Consultant Food Delivery Service Food Stand Food Tour Agency Food Truck Food Wholesaler Foodservice Distributor Footwear Store Forestry & Logging Forestry Service Franchising Service French Restaurant Frozen Yogurt Shop Fruit & Vegetable Store Funeral Service & Cemetery Furniture Furniture Repair & Upholstery Service Furniture Store Gamer Games/Toys Gaming Video Creator Garage Door Service Garden Center Gardener Gas & Chemical Service Gas Station Gastropub Gay Bar Gelato Shop General Dentist German Restaurant Gift Shop Glass & Mirror Shop Glass Manufacturer Glass Service Gluten-Free Restaurant Go-Kart Track Golf Cart Dealership Golf Course & Country Club Government Building Government Official Government Organization Government Website Granite & Marble Supplier Graphic Designer Greek Restaurant Grocery Store Gun Store Gutter Cleaning Service Gym/Physical Fitness Center Hair Extensions Service Hair Removal Service Hair Replacement Service Hair Salon Halal Restaurant Hardware Store Hat Store Haunted House Hawaiian Restaurant Health & Wellness Website Health Food Restaurant Health Food Store Health Spa Health/Beauty Healthcare Administrator Heating, Ventilating & Air Conditioning Service High School Hiking Trail Hindu Temple Historical Tour Agency History Museum Home Home & Garden Store Home & Garden Website Home Decor Home Goods Store Home Health Care Service Home Improvement Home Improvement Service Home Inspector Home Mover Home Security Company Home Staging Service Home Theater Store Home Window Service Homebrew Supply Store Hong Kong Restaurant Hookah Lounge Horse Trainer Horseback Riding Center Hospital Hospitality Service Hostel Hot Air Balloon Tour Agency Hot Dog Joint Hotel Hotel & Lodging Hotel Bar Hotel Resort Hotel Services Company House Painting House Sitter Household Supplies Housing Assistance Service Hungarian Restaurant Ice Cream Shop Ice Skating Rink Image Consultant Immigration Lawyer Independent Bookstore Indian Chinese Restaurant Indian Restaurant Indo Chinese Restaurant Indonesian Restaurant Industrial Company Information Technology Company In-Home Service Inn Insurance Agent Insurance Broker Insurance Company Intellectual Property Lawyer Interest Interior Design Studio Internet Cafe Internet Company Internet Marketing Service Internet Service Provider Investing Service Investment Bank Investment Management Company Irish Restaurant Island Italian Restaurant Janitorial Service Japanese Restaurant Jazz & Blues Club Jet Ski Rental Jewelry & Watches Company Jewelry & Watches Store Jewelry Wholesaler Jewelry/Watches Journalist Just For Fun Karaoke Kennel Kids Entertainment Service Kitchen & Bath Contractor Kitchen/Cooking Kiteboarding Center Korean Restaurant Kosher Restaurant Labor Union Landmark & Historical Place Landscape Architect Landscape Company Landscape Designer Language School Laser Hair Removal Service Laser Tag Center Lasik/Laser Eye Surgeon Latin American Restaurant Laundromat Law Enforcement Agency Lawyer & Law Firm Lebanese Restaurant Legal Legal Service Library Lifestyle Service Lighthouse Lighting Store Ligurian Restaurant Limo Service Lingerie & Underwear Store Literary Arts Literary Editor Live Music Venue Livery Stable Livestock Farm Loan Service Lobbyist Local & Travel Website Local Business Local Service Locality Locksmith Lodge Lottery Retailer Lounge Luggage Service Magazine Magician Makeup Artist Malaysian Restaurant Management Service Marina Marine Marine Supply Store Market Market Research Consultant Marketing Agency Marketing Consultant Marriage Therapist Martial Arts School Masonry Contractor Massage Service Massage Therapist Maternity & Nursing Clothing Store Mattress Manufacturer Mattress Store Mattress Wholesaler Meat Wholesaler Media Media Agency Media/News Company Medical & Health Medical Cannabis Dispensary Medical Center Medical Company Medical Equipment Manufacturer Medical Equipment Supplier Medical Lab Medical Procedure Medical School Medical Service Medical Spa Medical Supply Store Meditation Center Mediterranean Restaurant Meeting Room Men's Clothing Store Mental Health Service Merchandising Service Metal Fabricator Metal Supplier Methodist Church Mexican Restaurant Middle Eastern Restaurant Middle School Miniature Golf Course Mining Company Mission Mobile Home Park Mobile Phone Shop Modeling Agency Modern Art Museum Modern European Restaurant Monarch Monument Moroccan Restaurant Mortgage Brokers Mosque Motel Motivational Speaker Motor Vehicle Company Motorcycle Dealership Motorcycle Manufacturer Motorcycle Repair Shop Motorsports Store Mountain Mountain Biking Shop Movie Movie & Music Store Movie Character Movie Theater Movie/Television Studio Moving & Storage Service Museum Music Music Award Music Chart Music Lessons & Instruction School Music Production Studio Music Video Musical Genre Musical Instrument Musical Instrument Store Musician Musician/Band Nail Salon Nanny National Forest National Park Nature Preserve Naturopath Neapolitan Restaurant Neighborhood Neurologist New American Restaurant News & Media Website News Personality Newspaper Newsstand Night Market Nondenominational Church Non-Governmental Organization (Ngo) Nonprofit Organization Notary Public Nurseries & Gardening Store Nursing School Nutritionist Observatory Obstetrician-Gynecologist (Obgyn) Occupational Safety And Health Service Occupational Therapist Ocean Office Equipment Store Office Supplies Opera House Ophthalmologist Optician Optometrist Oral Surgeon Orchestra Organic Grocery Store Organization Orthodontist Osteopathic Doctor Other Outdoor & Sporting Goods Company Outdoor Equipment Store Outdoor Recreation Outlet Store Paddleboarding Center Paintball Center Pakistani Restaurant Palace Park Party Entertainment Service Party Supply & Rental Shop Passport & Visa Service Patio/Garden Paving & Asphalt Service Pawn Shop Pediatrician Pentecostal Church Performance & Event Venue Performance Art Performance Art Theatre Performing Arts Performing Arts School Periodontist Personal Assistant Personal Blog Personal Chef Personal Coach Personal Injury Lawyer Personal Trainer Personal Website Peruvian Restaurant Pest Control Service Pet Pet Adoption Service Pet Breeder Pet Cafe Pet Groomer Pet Service Pet Sitter Pet Store Pet Supplies Petroleum Service Petting Zoo Pharmaceutical Company Pharmaceuticals Pharmacy / Drugstore Pho Restaurant Phone/Tablet Photographer Photography Museum Photography Videography Physical Therapist Pilates Studio Pizza Place Planetarium Plastic Company Plastic Manufacturer Plastic Surgeon Playground Plumbing Service Podcast Podiatrist Police Station Polish Restaurant Political Candidate Political Organization Political Party Politician Pop-Up Shop Port Portable Building Service Portuguese Restaurant Post Office Pregnancy Care Center Preschool Printing Service Private Investigator Private Members Club Private Plane Charter Private School Proctologist Producer Product/Service Professional Gamer Professional Service Professional Sports Team Promenade Property Lawyer Property Management Company Psychologist Psychotherapist Pub Public & Government Service Public Figure Public Relations Agency Public School Public Service Public Swimming Pool Public Utility Company Publisher Race Track Radio Station Rafting/Kayaking Center Ramen Restaurant Real Estate Real Estate Agent Real Estate Appraiser Real Estate Company Real Estate Developer Real Estate Investment Firm Real Estate Lawyer Real Estate Service Real Estate Title & Development Record Label Recreation & Sports Website Recreation Center Recreation Spot Recruiter Recycling & Waste Management Recycling Center Reference Website Reflexologist Refrigeration Service Region Regional Website Religious Bookstore Religious Center Religious Organization Rental Shop Reproductive Service Residence Restaurant Restaurant Supply Store Restaurant Wholesaler Retail Company Retirement & Assisted Living Facility Rideshare Service Robotics Company Rock Climbing Gym Rodeo Roller Skating Rink Roofing Service Rose Garden Rugby Pitch Rv Park Rv Repair Shop Safety & First Aid Service Sake Bar Salsa Club Sandwich Shop School School Sports League School Sports Team School Transportation Service Science Science Museum Science Website Science, Technology & Engineering Scientist Scooter Rental Screen Printing & Embroidery Scuba Diving Center Scuba Instructor Sculpture Garden Seafood Restaurant Seasonal Store Secretarial Service Security Guard Service Self-Storage Facility Service Apartments Sewer Service Sewing & Alterations Sex Therapist Shaved Ice Shop Shipping Supply & Service Shopping & Retail Shopping District Shopping Mall Shopping Service Show Sightseeing Tour Agency Signs & Banner Service Sikh Temple Skate Shop Skateboard Park Ski & Snowboard Shop Ski Resort Skin Care Service Skydiving Center Smoothie & Juice Bar Snorkeling Spot Soba Restaurant Soccer Field Social Club Social Media Agency Social Service Society & Culture Website Software Software Company Solar Energy Company Solar Energy Service Song Sorority & Fraternity Soul Food Restaurant Soup Restaurant South African Restaurant Southern Restaurant Souvenir Shop Spa Spanish Restaurant Specialty Grocery Store Specialty School Speech Pathologist Sport Sporting Goods Store Sports Sports & Fitness Instruction Sports & Recreation Sports & Recreation Venue Sports Bar Sports Club Sports Event Sports League Sports Promoter Sports Team Sportswear Store Stadium, Arena & Sports Venue State Stately Home Statue & Fountain Steakhouse Storage Facility Structural Engineer Subway Station Sunglasses & Eyewear Store Supermarket Surf Shop Surfing Spot Surveyor Sushi Restaurant Swimming Instructor Swimming Pool & Hot Tub Service Swimming Pool Cleaner Swimwear Store Symphony Talent Agent Tanning Salon Tapas Bar & Restaurant Tattoo & Piercing Shop Tax Preparation Service Taxi Service Taxidermist Tea Room Teacher Teens & Kids Website Teeth Whitening Service Telecommunication Company Telemarketing Service Tennis Court Test Preparation Center Tex-Mex Restaurant Textile Company Thai Restaurant Theatrical Play Theatrical Productions Theme Restaurant Therapist Thrift & Consignment Store Ticket Sales Tiling Service Tire Dealer & Repair Shop Tobacco Company Tobacco Store Tools/Equipment Tour Agency Tour Guide Tourist Information Center Towing Service Toy Store Trade School Traffic School Train Station Transit Stop Transit System Translator Transportation Service Travel & Transportation Travel Agency Travel Company Travel Service Tree Cutting Service Trophies & Engraving Shop Tuscan Restaurant TutoTeacher Tv Channel Tv Network Tv Season Tv Show Tv/Movie Award Uniform Supplier Urban Farm Urologist Vacation Home Rental Vegetarian/Vegan Restaurant Veterinarian Video Video Creator Video Game Video Game Store Vietnamese Restaurant Vintage Store Visual Arts Vitamin Supplement Shop Vitamins/Supplements Waste Management Company Water Heater Installation & Repair Service Water Park Water Treatment Service Water Utility Company Waxing Service Web Designer Website Wedding Planning Service Wedding Venue Weight Loss Center Well Water Drilling Service Whisky Bar Wholesale & Supply Store Wholesale Bakery Wholesale Grocer Wig Store Wildlife Sanctuary Window Installation Service Wine Bar Wine, Beer & Spirits Store Wine/Spirits Winery/Vineyard Women's Clothing Store Women's Health Clinic Work Position Workplace & Office Writer Writing Service Yoga Studio Youth Organization Zoo
2020.03.10 11:45 Fwoggie2Covid-19 update Tuesday March 10th
Good morning from the UK. Virus statistics
Countries with under 250 identified infections not listed. Total countries infected worldwide = 110, an increase from yesterday of 6. Source: The WHO dashboard (Link), except for USA where I'm using the John Hopkins University dashboard (Link). Given Italy had 647 cases only 11 days ago and now has over 1,000% that number (archive.is source), it's reasonable to expect quarantines to one degree or another to come into place in a week or two for any country currently over 250. Reminder, these are identified case counts and medical experts are reporting this virus has a long incubation period with people being infections despite displaying no symptoms; the true infection figures are likely to be much higher. Virus reaction Italy quarantines itself - As many will already know, the Italian Prime Minister Giuseppe Conte ordered the shutdown of the whole of Italy (Guardian: Link) late yesterday (Monday). “There is no more time. I will take responsibility for these measures. Our future is in our hands,” he told reporters. In Italy under the decree, all public events will be banned, cinemas, theatres, gyms, discos and pubs closed, and funerals, weddings and sporting events cancelled – including Serie A matches (the highest football/soccer league in the country). All schools and universities will remain closed until 3 April. Under the new decree, people will only be able to travel between cities for emergency reasons and can face fines and up to three months in jail for breaking quarantine rules. Checkpoints on motorways, toll booths, train stations and airports are expected to be introduced on Tuesday. Those who have to leave their region or their cities out of serious necessity can do so only if they have self-certification stating that they must cross the borders for compelling business reasons, health reasons, or because they have to return home. The Guardian points out in its live blog (Link) that the quarantine measures do appear to be working; infection rates are dropping in the eleven towns that were already quarantined more than two weeks ago. (Personal note: I checked FedEx, DHL and UPS service alerts for Italy; FedEx and DHL still aren't delivering to the 11 quarantined towns but say nothing for the rest of Italy, UPS says it's operating in Italy as normal). Social media thoughts on Italy's battle with the virus - two threads have gone viral in the past 24 hours (neither can be corroborated but they seem reasonably believable to me). The first from an epidemiologist repeats the thoughts of a doctor working in a badly affected Italian hospital - the ER is becoming overwhelmed, everyone is being admitted for the same reason, all beds are full and staff are badly fatigued. You can read it here, she provided a follow up link at the bottom. The other is reporting on what his friend in Italy's medical system says and it's much the same thing - there is not enough equipment to meet the surge in demand, staff are becoming overwhelmed and those over 65 are not even being assessed and nobody is available to help them if they arrest (that link is here) - I assume they mean they are being forced to let the patient die because they are overwhelmed with other patients who are better placed to survive. Is this a pandemic or not - Vox has written an interesting article on why the WHO still hasn't called it a Pandemic despite senior politicians in several countries doing just that. The reason - it's political (link). Family of Missouri's first coronavirus patient broke self-quarantine, attended school dance - Fox News reports that the father of the first patient disobeyed self-quarantine rules and went to a school dance with his other daughter. Villa Duchesne and Oak Hill School will close on Monday; Villa is an all-girls school that serves grades seven through 12, while Oak Hill is a coed school that teaches preschool through grade six. UAE bans all cruise ship visits until further notice - Splash247 reports that the Federal Transport Authority of the United Arab Emirates has decided to suspend all cruise operations at the country’s ports as part of precautionary measures to prevent the spreading of coronavirus. Ferry services to Iran were already suspended last month. Other virus reactions in brief - Sources Guardian live blog (linked above) and Al-Jazeera live blog (link) - The president of the European parliament announced he will self isolate for the next two weeks and work from home after visiting Italy over last weekend - Poland has cancelled all mass public gatherings - Pope Francis has urged priests to have the courage to go out and visit the sick and elderly - Greek MPs are warning the health system on the island of Lesbos (which is host to 27,000 migrants and refugees is becoming overwhelmed and needs urgent help) - Moldova is banning entrants via air from any country recording infections. Separately, Morocco has cancelled all flights to Italy as has the major European airline Norwegian airlines. Australian airline Qantas has grounded eight of its 10 A380 planes and is rerouting flights as it grapples with a sharp drop in demand; it's suspending 25% of its flights worldwide. - The French culture minister has contracted the virus and is self isolating - The UK's deputy chief medial officer has being doing the media tour this morning; she told Sky News that many thousands will become infected in the UK with mortality rates initially rising before falling again - The Grand Princess cruise ship has finally docked in San Francisco with 21 cases onboard. Canada and the UK have said they will fly their citizens home; US citizens will be taken to military bases for 2 weeks quarantine. - For the 3rd day in a row no local transmissions of the virus have been recorded in China outside of Hubei province - China's President Xi has visited Wuhan for the first time since the outbreak started in a move widely seen as authorities feeling that the tide is turning in the fight against the virus. - In Singapore non residents will now have to pay for healthcare if they are admitted to hospital with the Coronavirus (previously it was free). The government added that testing of foreign visitors will remain free. - The Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation, Wellcome and Mastercard pledged $125m to support the development of treatments for the coronavirus. - Mongolia has quarantined all of its major cities after it discovered its first case. - US forces in South Korea and Japan have been confined to their bases (source: NPR.org, link) Economics What are people panic buying - Strategyonline.ca reports has the answer (link), at least for Canadian consumers. Apart from the obvious sanitisers and masks, other products include cough and herbal remedies, baby products, dried food and deodorant with demand for oat milk nearly having tripled. Virus Makes Lobsters So Cheap That Sellers Face a Fatal Blow - Supplychainbrain reports (link) that U.S. lobster prices have plummeted to the lowest in at least four years after the spread of the virus halted charter flights to Asia at a time when sales usually boom for Chinese New Year celebrations. The fallout has left thousands of pounds of unsold lobster flooding North American markets and squeezing U.S. businesses that were already hurting from lost sales due to China’s tariffs from its trade war with Washington. “This is like a fatal blow,” said Stephanie Nadeau, owner of Arundel, Maine-based The Lobster Co., which saw orders to Hong Kong shrivel from about 1,000 boxes a week to a total of 120 boxes -- each carrying 33 pounds -- since late January. “I’m about to lay off most of my employees.” The article goes on to discuss similar impacts hitting Canada, Australia and New Zealand lobster fisheries. Supply chain COVID-19 swallows $400 million revenue of African airlines - logupdateafrica.com says (link) the major African airlines have to date suffered $400m USD of revenue losses due to a collapse in demand. Several African airlines such as South African Airways, Royal Air Maroc, Air Tanzania, Air Mauritius, EgyptAir, RwandAir and Kenya Airways have suspended flights to and from China. Meanwhile, Ethiopian Airlines is still operating flights to and from five cities in China. Losses are expected to rise further. Carriers eye empty passenger services to keep intra-Asia air cargo moving - The Loadstar says that Cathay Pacific (the major HK based airline) is thinking of using some passenger aircraft for cargo only flights to keep cargo moving around Asia. “Although we expect our passenger belly cargo operations to be impacted, we are evaluating how to continue serving our cargo customers to and from Japan,” Cathay said. “This includes the retention of certain passenger services for cargo carriage only.” The article goes on to quote a CEO of a large logistics firm: “We suggest customers consider ocean freight, rail freight, sea-air freight and even road freight, such as China-ASEAN cross-border trucks to diversify the risk. It is anticipated that surging demand of rail freight will also drive rate increases. In the meantime, more and more charter flight services will be launched in the market to soften demand”. U.S. Exempts Face Masks, Medical Products From China Tariffs - Supplychainbrain.com reports that the US administration has lifted tariffs on face masks and medical products. One manufacturer is quoted as saying that the global production of the product is significantly limited to China, and changing to U.S. or third-country manufacturers “is not practical or competitive." "Additional duties on such products would cause major financial harm and increase costs to healthcare providers and their customers in the United States,” the company added. iPhone 11 shortages in the US - the German tech website heise.de is reporting (link, in German) that in parts of the USA stocks of iPhone 11 models have run out and there is no sign of a resupply. It notes that the manufacturer FoxConn is struggling with its factories at an estimated 50% operational capacity. For the time being, availability in Germany remains good. Israel: Courtesy of the Coronavirus, That Order From Amazon Could Take a Month to Reach Your Front Door - the major newspaper Haaretz has warned that if flights inbound from the US stop, it may take up to a month for Amazon orders to arrive - already AliExpress orders have plummeted in Israel as suppliers have struggled to ship out of Israel. Some e-commerce firms are countering by using connecting flights if direct ones have been cancelled. “In the worst case, and we’re closed to the U.S., they’ll be a real pogrom for the delivery sector. It means that deliveries won’t go out at all and there will be real shortages of merchandise,” one courier manager said. “The logistics universe comprises of lots of intermediate stops, The expectation now is that every link will be affected. If people are in lockdown, it means warehouse workers, delivery people and customs inspectors – everyone who comes into contact with the package, and that’s scores of hands until it reaches the customer.” He said he expected that to happen in weeks, maybe days, as the coronavirus, spreads to countries that are relevant to the supply chain that serve Israel such as Britain, Germany and the U.S. Major UK supermarket chains now rationing sales for some products due to heavy demand - the BBC reports that Tesco and some other supermarket chains are now rationing sales of certain products both online and in store including antibacterial gels, wipes and sprays, dry pasta, UHT milk and some tinned vegetables. According to a survey from Retail Economics, as many as one in 10 UK consumers is stockpiling, based on a sample of 2,000 shoppers. Good news section Major UK automotive company Jaguar Land Rover says its supply chain is holding up - having hit the headlines a few weeks ago for flying in suitcases of key fobs, logisticsmanager.com reports that the automotive firm is saying its supply chain is holding up with most of its suppliers back online. JLR said it has visibility of availability of most parts out two weeks or more and had managed to avoid potential parts shortages by working closely with its suppliers and with some increased use of air freight. In the event of specific parts shortages, it warned, JLR would ordinarily be able to still build cars and retrofit missing parts when available, however, it said it could not rule out the risk that a shortage of a critical component could impact production at some point. EDIT: Table formatting EDIT 2: Lesbos isn't in Italy
VIDEO: Understanding the Marriage Service in the Orthodox Church
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